The music of Pakistan includes diverse elements ranging from Central Asian folk music as well as music from South Asia, Persian music, Turkish music, as well as more modern American music influences. Pakistan is a country which lies at a crossroad of cultures from South Asia, Central Asia and the Middle East. With the passge of time Music industry of Pakistan has developed and now there are separate music channels in Pakistan. like, MTV Pakistan, Indus Music, The Musik, AAG TV and Play TV.
Noori Band Ustaad Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan
Pakistani music is represented by a wide variety of forms. It ranges from traditional styles such as Qawwali and Ghazal to more modern forms that try to fuse traditional Pakistani music with Western music. Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan was internationally renowned for creating a form of music which synchronized Qawwali with western music.
Pakistani music can be categorize into seven types:
– it is a disappearing form, but still influences many of the present artists.
South Asian classical music has 7 basic notes called Sargam (Sa Re Ga Ma Pa Dha Ni), with five interspersed half-notes, resulting in a 12-note scale. Performances are usually marked by considerable improvisation within the norms. It is traditional for performers who have reached a distinguished level of achievement, to be awarded titles of Ustad.
Some famous composers and performers are:
- Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan
- Amanat Ali Khan
- Roshanara Begum
- Sohail Rana
– The ghazal is a poetic form consisting of couplets which share a rhyme and a refrain. Each line must share the same meter. Etymologically, the word literally refers to "the mortal cry of a gazelle". The animal is called Ghizaal, from which the English word gazelles stems, or Kastori haran (where haran refers to deer) in Urdu. Ghazals are traditionally expressions of love, separation and loneliness, for which the gazelle is an appropriate image. A ghazal can thus be understood as a poetic expression of both the pain of loss or separation and the beauty of love in spite of that pain. The form is ancient, originating in 10th century Persian verse. It is derived from the Persian qasida. The structural requirements of the ghazal are more stringent than those of most poetic forms traditionally written in English. In its style and content it is a genre which has proved capable of an extraordinary variety of expression around its central theme of love and separation. It is considered by many to be one of the principal poetic forms the Persian civilization offered to the eastern Islamic world.
– Qawwali is the devotional music of the Chishti Sufis. Qawwali is a vibrant musical tradition that stretches back more than 700 years. Originally performed mainly at Sufi shrines throughout the subcontinent, it has also gained mainstream popularity. Qawwali music received international exposure through the work of the late Aziz Mian, Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan and sabri brothersthis dynamic genre became internationally popular by artists like Sabri Brothers, Aziz Mian and Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan.
– Pakistani folk music deals with subjects surrounding daily life in less grandiose terms than the love and emotion usually contained in its traditional and classical counterpart. In Pakistan, each province has its own variation of popular folk music.
Hamd and Nasheeds
– There is a large number of hamd and nasheed singers in Pakistan. This is a type of islamic religious music where poetrical verses of the love for God (Allah) is expressed. Some of the most famous artists include: Ustad Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, along with his nephew Rahat Fateh Ali Khan, the Sabri Brothers, Hafiz Marghoub Ahmad Hamdani, Qari Waheed Zafar and Alhaj Muhammad Owais Raza Qadri.
'Hamd' is not the exclusive domain of any religion. As pointed out - it denotes praise to God, it is more extensively used in the Muslim world. It is usually used in conjunction with the Sanna and referred to as 'Hamd - o - Sanna'.
– Pakistan's film industry known as "Lollywood" is based in Lahore. One of the most famous singers of the Pakistan film industry is Madame Noor Jehan (Malika-e-Tarranum). Noor Jehan had a brief and successful acting career before devoting herself completely to music. She sang extensively for Pakistani films and also sang Ghazals, folk songs and patriotic songs for Pakistan television.
– Pakistani pop music is attributed to have given birth to the genre in the South Asian region with Ahmed Rushdi's song ‘Ko-Ko-Korina’ in 1966 and has since then been adopted in Bangladesh, India and lately Nepal as a pioneering influence in their respective pop cultures. The privatization of Pakistani television made this genreso popular. Nowadays many television broadcast pop music.
The pioneers of pakistani pop music were Ahmed Rushdi, Alamgir, Nazia Hassan, Zohaib Hassan, Muhammad Ali Shehki and the Benjamin Sisters. But the real breakthrough for the music industry came with the hit song Dil Dil Pakistan by Vital Signs(band) which gave birth to the current music scene in Pakistan.
Dil Dil Pakistan was voted the 3rd most popular song in the world by a BBC poll.
Some famous Pakistani pop music acts include:
Atif Aslam, Abrar-ul-Haq, Adnan Sami Khan, Ahmed Jehanzeb, Ali Zafar, Annie, Ali Haider, Faakhir Mehmood, Haroon, Najam Sheraz, Hadiqa Kiyani, Shiraz Uppal, Shehzad Roy, Nida Arab, and Sajjad Ali.
Ali Zafar - A famous Pakistani Pop Singer Junoon Band
– Although Pakistan has a long history of rock music producing legendary bands suchas Junoon and Strings it was only in the 90s that progressive rock made its mark on Pakistani rock scene. Nowadays Pakistani rock music has become verypopular not only in Pakistan and South Asia but also across the whole world. All these groups have millions of fans across the world including in India, other parts of South Asia. 'Junoon band' is the most famous band from Pakistan.
Junoon is also regarded as the pioneers of Sufi rock.
A landmark event occurred in 2003 when the Pakistani group Strings' song "Najane Kyun" became a featured single on the soundtrack for Spider-Man 2.
Pakistani Rock Industry can be sub-divided in various genre's of Rock such as Progressive Rock, Metal, Hard Rock etc
Some famous Pakistani singles and rock bands are:
Call the band, Junoon, Mekaal Hassan Band, Mizraab, Noori, EP, Strings, Fuzon, Jal, Karavan, Ali Azmat, Aamir Zaki, Akash the band, Alag, and Mauj.